Sports and Exercise Medicine Lab.
Youngju Choi, Jinkyung Cho, Jiyeon Kim, Jun Hyun Bae, Eun-Jeong Cho, Eunwook Chang, Kyung-Lim Joa, et al
Menopause (2022) 29(9):1040-46 [IF=2.7]
Low muscle strength and obesity lead to a higher risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Perimenopause is associated with a natural decline in muscle strength and an increase in visceral adiposity. Dynapenic obesity, which is the coexistence of low muscle strength and obesity, is expected to synergistically increase the prevalence of CKD in postmenopausal women. The aim of this study was to determine combined associations of dynapenia and obesity with CKD in postmenopausal women.
This study used data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2016 to 2019. The study included 4,525 postmenopausal women aged 42 to 80 years that were classified into four groups based on waist circumference (≥85 cm) and hand grip strength (<18 kg): normal, dynapenic, obese, or dynapenic-obese. According to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes, we defined CKD as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min per 1.73 m2. Complex sample logistic regression models were conducted to determine the relationships among coexistence of dynapenia, abdominal obesity, and the risk of CKD.
Dynapenic-abdominal obese group displayed lower estimated glomerular filtration rate levels than other groups (P < 0.05 for all data). The prevalence rates of CKD were 15.5%, 7.8%, 6.2%, and 2.4% in the dynapenic-abdominal obese, dynapenic, abdominal obese, and normal groups, respectively (P < 0.001). Complex sample logistic regression analyses, after adjusting for age, height, health behaviors, and comorbidities, showed that the odds ratio for CKD with respect to dynapenic-abdominal obesity was 1.82 (95% confidence interval, 1.19-2.79) and to abdominal obesity was 1.54 (95% confidence interval, 1.07-2.22) than in the normal group.
This study demonstrated that dynapenic-abdominal obesity, as determined by low handgrip strength and high waist circumference values, was associated with increased risk of CKD in postmenopausal women.